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A focus on humanizing education

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New Delhi: In a communication received from the University Grants Commission (UGC), the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the Distance Education Council (DEC). Readmore...
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Blackboard

The blackboard is probably the most popular and widely used visual aid. It is one of those conventional things which a new recruit in teaching profession can take it as granted the moment he enters the classroom of any area of any country. You cannot sideline this just because there are other alternatives to it. Even the arrival of the Computers and LCDs can not eliminate the existence of blackboard.

Properly used it may be of tremendous value in all kinds of teaching. Every teacher finds the blackboard a convenient and effective visual aid, one that permits contrast, implies action, and helps the student in his note-taking. He can use the blackboard to enumerate items, the important points of his lesson, or to draw flow charts or illustrations for the class. He can solve problems on the blackboard. It is an excellent supplement to other teaching aids.

He can get contrast on the blackboard by using heavy and light chalk strokes. Color chalks, such as green and yellow, helps the teacher in teaching, and helps the student grasp the subject matter quickly. Neatness and orderly arrangement of blackboard material is eye catching and contribute to increase in memory. The methodical use of blackboard keeps up tempo of the class. The students watch teacher’s movements. They remember and imitate what he does.

As a point clincher the blackboard is and unequalled. The salient points of a subject may be driven home with a piece of chalk and a blackboard. The teachers have twin objectives of putting their story across when they present it verbally and then place the key points on a blackboard.



The teacher can use the blackboard to depict and hammer the following list of items:

  • Assigning new problems
  • Rules and policies
  • Daily problems
  • Definitions
  • Diagrams
  • Drawings
  • Giving directions
  • Graphs
  • Illustrating procedures
  • Key words
  • Maps
  • Making assignments
  • Outlines
  • Problems to be solved
  • Reviews
  • Technical words
  • Testing
  • Training records
How to present the Blackboard material:

During the presentation of the subject, accent the positive at the appropriate moment. Place the material on the blackboard to clinch the idea and to gain the utmost benefit.
For more emphasis:

a) Use a pointer
b) Use pale green or chrome yellow chalk
c) Stand to one side of the blackboard
d) Underline phrases to focus attention

How to use the blackboard:

The blackboard is more or less like a store window. Everyone knows that an overcrowded, dirty, and untidy window display has little shopping value as compared to the one that is clean, orderly and displays a few selected items.

Tips for using the blackboard:

a) Prepare the complicated blackboard layouts before the group meets.
b) Keep the blackboard clean.
c) Erase all unrelated material. Other work on the blackboard directs attention. Use a board eraser, and not fingers.
d) Check lighting. Avoid blackboard glare. Sometimes it will be necessary to lower the blinds and turn on the room light.
e) Plan blackboards ahead.
f) Print all captions and drawings on a large scale so that it is clearly visible to each student.
g) Use color for emphasis.
h) Make the material simple. Brief and concise statements are more effective than lengthy ones.
i) Don’t crowd the blackboard.

Bulletin board

A good bulletin board is a vital tool to develop efficiency and to add up to good blackboard work along with other teaching aids.

The role of an instructor in the bulletin board system:

  • Display illustrations in sequential order on bulletin board in an interesting manner.
  • Collect suitable quality illustrations for instructional projects.
  • Classify and file material methodically for use at the appropriate time. Be ready for new sources and do not hesitate to discard the old ones.
  • Encourage students to observe and contribute to the bulletin board.
  • Exhibit bulletin board pictures during instruction time.

The illustrations which are used on the bulletin board may be recovered from the display and used during subject matter presentation. If the bulletin board is portable, place it in front of the classroom, and if the illustrations are large enough for everyone to see, it will not be necessary to remove the pictures. It is also helpful to have the illustrations arranged on the bulletin board in the proper sequence.

An important blackboard outline may be transported to the bulletin board in simple chart form at the completion of the subject under discussion. Illustrations pertaining to this specific outline may also be displayed. Subject matter presented by motion pictures, film strips, slides etc may be reviewed by displaying related material on the bulletin board immediately after the showing. Interesting titles may be prepared by cutting them from magazines and newspapers.

Do’s for using the Bulletin board

  • DO capitalize on all bulletin board space in classroom.
  • DO use bulletin board to develop subject matter.
  • DO collect suitable material for bulletin board.
  • DO use pertinent illustrations.
  • DO arrange pictures in an orderly and interesting manner.
  • DO create original titles.
  • DO change material frequently.
  • DO make bulletin board tell a story.
  • DO make bulletin boards if none are available.
  • DO place them where they can be easily seen by all students.